2023.06.04 16:51 guanaco55 Start spreading the news, we're leaving today — leaving New York, that is -- High taxes and no public safety will do that. Where is the Big Apple's leadership?
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2023.06.04 16:50 EchoJobs Gro Intelligence is hiring Senior Software Engineer, DevOps USD 160k-210k New York, NY US [C++ GCP AWS Azure Go Perl Terraform Kubernetes Python Git Rust Docker API PostgreSQL Bash]
2023.06.04 16:50 Gropytheon Anyone with doorbell pro see a bit of rubber gasket at the bottom?
Just wondering if it is going to cause me problems down the road or if it’s common on these.submitted by Gropytheon to Ubiquiti [link] [comments]
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2023.06.04 16:49 Andoni95 N5 from zero in 30 days (Reflections, methodologies, and pedagogy)
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IntroductionI started learning Japanese on March 22 2023. At the time of writing, It has been about 70-80 days since. Currently I would place myself at N4 level (now studying N3). I became very inspired to study Japanese after (a) visiting Niseko (Hokkaido) and (b) reading a post on Reddit about someone who claims to pass N1 from zero in 8.5 months.
The purpose of this post is to offer (a) alternative perspectives to learning Japanese, (b) prove that it is possible to learn quickly, (c) challenge some of the existing recommendations. This post is part one out of eight articles detailing my journey to N1 from zero in 8 months. Disclaimer, this post will be very long and ranty!
This post will cover some of the study techniques and experiments I’ve conducted for the first month, as well as the results of my experimentation and insights. As for the elephant in the room, I’m currently studying N3 after 60+ days into my Japanese learning journey. I’m sure many are skeptical or might presume that I have bad mastery of N5 and N4 content, but by the end of the post, I’m confident that I would have responded to them. This post is not created to discouarge anyone >< I just wanted to see if my studying tips can inspire or resonate with other people.
Prior KnowledgeI started watching anime since Naruto. I think that was 15 years ago. I’m not particularly obsessed with Japanese culture but I do follow the mainstream anime like Bleach, Tokyo Ghoul, My Hero Academia, Attack on Titan, and most recently Demon Slayer. So I do possess 15 years of acclimatising to the sound of Japanese anime speech. However my Vocab is very limited. I know how to count from 1-99, konnichiwa and itadakemasu, and a couple more words that I might remember if I was prompted. I also know the hand signs from Naruto. Apart from that, I consider myself truly zero in Japanese knowledge.
While your brain can only hold 7-9 items in the short term memory at once, it does not mean you cannot study more than 9 items in a day.I see most people on Reddit recommending 15-20 new cards on Anki. Personally I think this pace is way too slow, especially for the beginner. Most typical N5 vocab deck would have about 600-700 cards. 15cards/day means that it would take 40-50 days just to see all the cards. I also came across a study that says our short term brain cannot store more than 9 items at a time. This would seem to support support the recommendation of 15-20 vocabulary cards a day. While reading Moonwalking with Einstein, a book on the capabilities of the human memory, I read about a story of a guy who could draw the landscape of New York with shocking precision after flying pass the city on a helicopter once. The book also hinted at the idea that we possess some form of photographic memory.
And so, i tried to do about 50-100 new cards a day. Within 10 days, I’ve seen all the N5 Vocab. Around day 15 or so, i became concerned that cramming so many words in a day would mean that the retention rate will be low. So I tested myself on those 700 words and I think I got about 85% correct.
Personally i was very happy with that score. I thought I could do a lot worse. So clearly, trying to learn 100 new cards a day wasn’t detrimental to retention rate (I will address my thoughts on burnout on a later point). What is happening?
My hypothesis is that while we can’t store more 6-9 items in our short term memory, it doesn’t mean that when we study our 10th,11th, 20th or 100th item, our brain would completely reject the input. You are still imprinting something onto the brain. What this means is that while you should not expect to see a word once and remember it forever, it says nothing about the upper limit of how many words you can simultaneously start on the first stage of the SRS system. We all know that SRS takes time to turn short term memory into long term memory. It could take weeks or a few months. But if we can start 100 words on the SRS system vs 15-20 words, and there is no significant cost to doing more words, then starting 100 new cards a day will bring us to our destination much faster.
Self-fulfilling prophecyWhen you read about many people agreeing that 15-20 new Anki card a day is a good pace, or that it takes 300-500 hours to pass N5, then it sets the expectation of what is normal. The reason I was able to Master N5 in approximately 150-200 hours and learn all its vocab a couple of weeks is because I did not pay attention to what other people can achieve.
How I use Ankihttps://preview.redd.it/wdwqgc0ok04b1.png?width=3840&format=png&auto=webp&s=89548a0e0972cfd2cde0c48a58515bfb9fef829b
From my survey on Reddit, it seems that people get overwhelm by the amount of reviews on Anki. And I think this reveals that the are doing reviews differently from how I do it.
When I do my Anki reviews, I only entertain two state of minds when marking the flash cards. The first is I know the answer (the answer pops into my brain instantaneously) and the second is I don’t know the answer (mind is blank). I do not try to recall the answer. Recalling takes time. If I try to recall the answer, it might take me upwards of a minute or two to remember it (and even then, I might still be wrong). Instead i like my Anki reviews to be snappy. It feels like I take about a fraction of a second to answer my Anki cards, although the Anki statistics tells me that I take 4second per card. Still fast either way. At 4s/card I can do 900 reviews in one hour.
Next is how I use Easy, Good, Again and Hard. The rule of thumb is to be more liberal than strict. I try to use Easy, instead of Good as much as I can because I don’t want my reviews to pile up. I almost never use Hard even if I get the card completely wrong. Speaking of reviews pilling up, we need to define what marking an Anki item as Good or Easy means to me.
For a lot of people it means aiming for perfection. That means that the person only click Easy or Good if his answer exactly matches the back side of the card. For myself I set an extremely low bar, as long the vague feeling of what I think the answer is somewhat matches the answer on the back side, I’m happy to give it a Good at least. Why? Because it’s the nature of Anki or SRS system to return cards you previously click Easy and Good. I don’t have to worry about being too forgiving on myself and being ignorant about the fact because I can always count on the card to return eventually. And if I a card I previously marked as Good, came back, and feels difficult, I would then make a mental note to study it in greater detail. Secondly, a lot of the 700 words in a typical N5 vocab deck are so common that you will encounter them all the time in the wild. This is called organic or natural SRS. If you are strict on your Anki at this stage, it can be quite an overkill in hindsight. Of course it may not feel like an overkill in the beginning because you are still gettting cards wrong.
Okay what about burnout. Surely I might be overdoing it, and wouldn’t burnout eventually catch up to me. Yes and no. I think the phenomenon of burnout is highly exaggerated. I don’t like to use the word burnt out whenever I’m feeling “burnt out” because it has a lot of negative connotations and because negative connotations can lead to self-fulfilling prophecies. Instead, I prefer to use the phrase, “I’m tired now”. I kind of compare myself to Shonen protagonists where there’s this big villain coming up and then some special training to level up. The special training is usually quite intense, and sometimes dangerous, and they will eventually be quite tired by the end of the training. But these protagonists always reemerge stronger with new abilities and can now overcome stronger foes.
Similarly, whenever I study too much, I would just acknowledge that I’m tired, watch some anime and something different. I’m usually okay by the next morning. I attribute my ability to resist burn out my thoughts and attitude.
Consistency, multimodality learning, and resourcefulnessOkay the N1 tango book is really too difficult for me. I bought it thinking i could get a headstart on N1 while concurrently studying N3. Its just too much at this point.
I only believe in one kind of consistency, and that is that you have to show up almost every day. But I don’t believe in the kind of consistency that requires me to be on a 365-day Anki/wanikani/immersion streak. This is also one factor that helps to protect burn out. When I feel like doing textbook learning, that’s what I’m going to do. If want to do pure Bunpro and Anki for the next 3 days without reading any textbook, that’s what I’ll do.
I also believe in the idea of multimodality learning. I use everything at my disposal:
All the textbooks (Genki, Minna no nihongo, Tae Kim)
YouTube videos (Misa ammo, game gengo, tokiniandy)
Doing active immersion with anime
Changing my phone language to Japanese (this one unfortunately is a bad advice. I recommend to stay away from this if you are still at N5)
Instagram and TikTok accounts of Japanese tutors
Websites (tofugu, human Japanese, Japanese tutors’ blogs)
Apps (wanikani, language reactor, bunpro)
Japanese grammar dictionaries
Discord or Reddit or forums
There’s often this debate on which is better, Genki vs Minna vs Tae kim. If cost or ability to procure them is not an issue, why not use all of them? It’s okay to have one source as your primary source. Mine was Genki 1. But when I wanted to understand a nuance that Genki does not explain well enough, I’ll usually consult my other sources. And if I’m bored of Genki, I can easily switch to Tae Kim, for a change of scenery. If I don’t feel like reading, Misa or Tokiniandy is there for me.
My observation is that many people are usually only using one modality to acquire a new skill. This is causing their journey to be unnecessarily monotonous.
Sloppy learning and conjugationsOne very integral component of the Japanese language is conjugation. It’s especially important for the N5. Conjugations can allow you to express many meaning in Japanese. Learning how to conjugate accurately is going to be a struggle for any beginner(think godan and ichidan verbs and conjugating to masu, te, negative forms, etc).
A lot of Japanese textbook and assessment will make you do drills. I skipped all of them. Rather than trying to brute force your way to memorizing conjugations I employ a technique called sloppy learning(this phrase is borrowed from “Japan Like A Breeze” on patreon). I define sloppy learning as learning just enough to acquire the essence of the concept.
For example, ,whether the verbs is in its polite form, short form, negative form or past tense form etc, can be easily recognised by looking at the last few syllabus of a word. If a words end on a “ta”, it must be past tense form. If it ends on a “masu” it must be the polite/long form. This concept can literally be understood in 5 mins.
Thus for me. When conjugating oyogu (泳ぐ）into past tense form, I just conjugate it as oyogu-ta (oyogu +ta) Or sometimes oyota. Now oyota is wrong of course. But that’s all I need at this stage. I desire to understand Japanese, not to get full marks on conjugation drill table. You must always try to look at the big picture. Trying to do well on conjugation drills is an opportunity cost. Ultimately one needs to judge what is worth spending effort on. Hence the idea of sloppy learning is to be deliberate about what to focus on.
Once I can consistently remember that masu means polite and ta meant past, this is where I try to conjugate them correctly. Conjugations is difficult because they all don’t behave like ru verbs. You cannot simply drop the ru at the end of a word and append ta or masu to them. Oyogu for example doesn’t even have a ru ending.
The path I chose was to hope that I can organically (I like this word a lot, but it also sometimes means magically) , know how to conjugate correctly one day. And to a certain extent I acquired some intuition on conjugations without any active involvement from my part. I soon became aware that if a word ends in a gu or a ku, then instead of a ta, it might be ita or ida.
The break through came on day 35. When I couldn’t endure the fact that I wasn’t able to magically acquire conjugation intuition for free. So i goggled “why are godan verbs conjugate the way they are”. And Tofugu came to the rescue.
Essentially they introduced three concepts (a) double consanent with small tsu, (b) assimilation with n, and (c)consonant removal. After that article, conjugating became a breeze. In hindsight, my ability to conjugate only costed me the time to read one tofugu article (and one month of passively intuiting the conjugation patterns) Because I did not spend time on conjugation drills, i was able to progress to the other grammatical points in Genki 1. I didn’t remain stuck in one place for too long.And this is another aspect of sloppy learning. You learn just enough to move on to the next level, you don’t aim for perfection.
Your brain can’t do everything at once. Your brain cannot remember that masu means polite form, and all the rules for conjugating verbs to masu in one sitting. If you try to do that, you can remain stuck, despite already understanding the general idea of conjugation. Better to move on and let the intuition develop. If you judge that the intuition is not going to progress or progress quickly enough, you can always intervene later by supplementing with new knowledge.
Mnemonics when I get something wrong too oftenOften there will be a vocab or grammar point that I always can’t seem to latch on. No vague feelings, no guesses, just an empty mind. When this happens, it can be a scary feeling. It may feel like you are not good enough.
Really the solution is very simple. Just add one more inferential step. When I first encountered the word bengoshi（弁護士） , my mind does not produce any intuition or pictures or feelings. What I did was to create a mnemonic, a story. How to relate a lawyer to the sound ben go shi? I managed to came up with “when the judge announces his judgement, the bench(jury) goes “shhhh””Sorry, I know it’s really bad. But when I created that story, bengoshi never stumped me again.I’ve seen a lot of criticism of mnemonics that I don’t agree with
On active immersionActive immersion means trying to pick up words or trying to understand what is being said in Japanese media like anime or novels. Passive immersion means enjoying the content without really worrying about improving your Japanese.
On day 21 I tried active immersion with Weathering with You. I came to the conclusion that active immersion is not efficient for the new learner. I can imagine myself doing a lot of sentence mining and active immersion in the future (spoiler, I’m now on day 70-80 and I’m immersing a lot more now). But definitely a hard no for me to recommend new comers as the only and primary form of learning Japanese.
Why textbook learning and structural learning is important for fast gains.Textbook learning is great for fast gains because it prioritises for you. Textbooks are not prepared by a random person. They are usually prepared while respecting certain pedagogical principles in mind by a team of qualified academics. While appealing to authority doesn’t make it correct, we should at least be cognisant that the textbooks might be doing a few things right.
One of those pedagogical principles is incremental or progressive learning. Building knowledge upon what was previously learnt.
Another principle is foundational concepts. A textbook will usually introduce foundational concepts that act as a scaffold for everything else as early as possible. And because textbook learning is progressive, it means that the difficulty is always going to feel just about right. In active immersion the difficulty can be wild because it does not respect your level of Japanese proficiency.
Completing N5 in 30 days.In this 30 days, I was not only learning Japanese, but also learning how to learn. They call it building a plane while flying it hahahah. The principles outlined here helped me to finish N5 content at an insane rate. I was spending about 6-8 hours a day on Japanese (in chunks). So one point not stated here is time. There's no way around time investment.
On the 30th day I did a lot of mock tests and I performed quite well (80-90% correct).When I started on N4 on day 31, I was really surprised by the bump in difficulty. I gave myself 30 days to clear N4. That was the hardest 30 days in my Japanese learning journey. I’m fact I had a better time when I was studying for N3 on day 65 onwards. In my next post I’ll share why N4 was harder than N5 and N3 for me and share some more insights. Hope this has been helpful in offering new perspectives. Thank you for reading this long rant of mine.
2023.06.04 16:49 hazyhummingbird Which one would you choose?
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2023.06.04 16:47 Rough_Assignment2516 The Complicated Reality of Joe Biden, America's Oldest President - The New York Times
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2023.06.04 16:43 AutoNewsAdmin [World] - Tiananmen Square memorial exhibit opens in New York City as China curbs reminders
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2023.06.04 16:43 Mvp0525 Elon & Natasha started dating in 2019??? And possibly cheated on Grimes? Natasha gone to a date on Feb 27,2019 according to her mom. One day after she posted a pic with a Tesla. Coincidence?? Make your own conclusions.
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2023.06.04 16:41 EchoJobs Prizeout is hiring Backend Engineer - Integrations USD 115k-175k New York, NY [Python API Microservices]
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2023.06.04 16:41 EchoJobs Prizeout is hiring Senior Backend Engineer - Integrations and Financial Systems USD 115k-175k New York, NY [API Microservices Node.js Python]
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2023.06.04 16:41 EchoJobs R3 is hiring Senior Java Engineer USD 170k-205k New York, NY [Kotlin Kafka Kubernetes Java]
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2023.06.04 16:40 asaharyev Matchday Thread 6/4
|Los Angeles FC||Club Leon||9:00 PM||FS1||Match Thread|
|NJ/NY Gotham FC||San Diego Wave FC||5:30 PM||Paramount+||Match Thread|
|Valour FC||York United||3:00 PM||OneSoccer||Match Thread|
|Columbus Crew 2||Chicago Fire II||2:00 PM||Apple TV|
|FC Cincinnati 2||Philadelphia Union II||6:00 PM||MLSNEXTPro.com|
|Huntsville City FC||NYCFC II||7:00 PM||Apple TV|
|New York Red Bulls II||New England Revolution II||7:00 PM||Apple TV|
|Atlanta United FC 2||Inter Miami II||7:30 PM||MLSNEXTPro.com|
|Los Angeles FC 2||Houston Dynamo 2||7:30 PM||MLSNEXTPro.com|
|Colorado Rapids 2||Earthquakes II||8:00 PM||MLSNEXTPro.com|
|Toronto FC II||Orlando City B||8:00 PM||Apple TV|
|North Texas SC||LA Galaxy II||8:30 PM||Apple TV|
2023.06.04 16:40 BlueJaysBaseball Game Thread: June 4 - Toronto Blue Jays (32-27) @ New York Mets (30-29) - 1:40 PM
|Blue Jays||Yusei Kikuchi (6-2, 4.47 ERA)||SNET||SN590|
|Mets||Kodai Senga (5-3, 3.44 ERA)||SNY||WCBS 880, ESPN-1050 (ES)|
|MLB||Fangraphs||Baseball Savant||Reddit Stream||Discord||IRC Chat|
|Gameday||Game Graph||Strikezone Map||Live Comments||Discord||Libera: ##baseball|
2023.06.04 16:39 TheBlazeBot New York City man accused of fatally shooting would-be robber slapped with 24 additional gun charges, bail doubled: 'The court is quite concerned with what we see'
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2023.06.04 16:39 dartdoug NJ medical lab employee indicted on charges he sabotaged competitor's computer systems
2023.06.04 16:38 Potential-Page-8391 Number 1 dickrider of the day.
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2023.06.04 16:37 Aum888 New York Man Is Fired After a Woman Accused Him of Ripping Her Wig Off in the Street
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2023.06.04 16:37 burn_the_ice 25 [M4F] New York - Seeking a Chill Nerdy Girl to Vibe With on LI
2023.06.04 16:37 burn_the_ice 25 [M4F] New York - Seeking a Chill Nerdy Girl to Vibe With on LI
2023.06.04 16:36 callabhishek But Hindu men also commit crimes against Hindu women.......
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Post-Grooming , Rape n Murder Clean up Crew .
This is the argument many women put forward when the issue of Love Jihad comes up. Of course, Hindu men commit crimes against Hindu women, just like Muslim men commit crimes against Muslim women, Sikh men against Sikh women, Christian men against Christian women and so on. These crimes are of various nature, some very very serious. (For that matter women also commit crimes against men, but it is out of scope of this write up). As a society we have acknowledged these crimes and made laws, often strict, to prevent them. As these crimes are often social in nature, only law is not sufficient to deal with them, so we also teach our young and try to mold the society in the desired manner. Having acknowledged these crimes exist, lets now see why these crimes are different from what is popularly called “Love Jihad”. 1 Hate crime : A crime is considered a hate crime if the victim was targeted based on their identity. For example, muggings happen in New York subway, but if someone mugs only Jewish people, then it is not just a mugging, it is a hate crime and the criminal is charged with stricter laws. The same applies to Love Jihad cases where Hindu women are specifically targeted. In Ajmer sex scandal, out of the 250 victims, how many were Muslim? It was hate crime, not a social crime. Clubbing them with regular crimes is deliberate obfuscation to lower the seriousness of these crimes. 2 Based in Islamic doctrine : Islam treats Kafir and Muslim women differently in every aspect. For example, Kafir women can be kept as slaves but can not be married. On the other hand, you can not enslave a Muslim woman. These attitudes are extremely misogynistic and kafir-phobic which lead to many of these crimes. When your ideology dehumanizes an entire group of people, your ideology is encouraging crimes against that group. Hence Abduls feel no shame in hiding their identity or forcing Hindu women to convert and worse. This is not a regular crime, this is religious. 3 Backed by the wider society : As seen in the recent case in Pune, when a Hindu underage girl is abducted the entire Muslim society seems to hush it up. The mother of the accused, the Maulvi who converts and marries the girl knowing fully well she is underage, the family, even the first wife or wives fully support these criminal acts. Ever heard a Muslim whistle-blower saving a Hindu girl? This points to a very unhealthy mindset that is different from regular crimes. This makes saving these girls far far more difficult. 4 Repeating patterns : Many patterns repeat in these cases. It may appear simplistic, but faking identity, use of force and intimidation, targeting underage girls, conversion, involvement of more than just one person, violence etc repeat in many cases. Not to deny other complexities, but this obvious presence of recurring patterns itself makes these crimes different from other crimes. The reason we are discussing crime is to prevent it right? Then failing to identify patterns will only lead to failure to prevent such crimes. 5 Organized apologia : A tell tale clue is the existence of organized intellectual class that keeps denying love jihad exists. No such gangs exist to deny regular crimes. On the other hand popular media keeps glorifying relations between Hindu girls and Muslim men, but not the other way around. How many Feminism and Youth forums on Instagram have covered the 100s of attacks on Hindu men for talking to Muslim women? None. The very existence of such people in media, academia, entertainment etc reveals that the nature of these crimes is indeed different. 6 : Disturbing no of underage cases : A truly disgusting aspect that is common is the shocking no of underage girls being groomed by older men. If you look at the recent cases from Delhi, Uttarakhand, Pune etc, ALL of them involve underage girls incapable of consent. This phenomenon is the clearest evidence of organised grooming. Islamic doctrine permits relations with underage girls as long as they have hit puberty, but very young girls are also easy to brainwash and turn against their families and society. Anyone calling this organized pedophilia as “just interfaith love” is part of this pedophilia grooming gang, nothing less. So next time anyone says “But Hindu men also commit crimes against Hindu women”, tell them they may or may not know it, but they are part of a grooming gang and they should be ashamed of themselves.